New findings on the effect of Epsom salt: Epsom salt receptor identified: Salt with physiological effects

A team of scientists headed by Maik Behrens from the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich has identified the receptor responsible for the bitter taste of various salts. These include medically used Epsom salt. The discovery helps to elucidate the physiological mechanisms by which Epsom salt affects the heart or … Read more

Stillbirth threefold increase when sleeping on back in pregnancy

Research spearheaded by a University of Huddersfield lecturer has shown that pregnant women can lower the risk of stillbirth by sleeping on their side and NOT on their back. Now the finding forms part of official NHS guidance designed to bring about reductions in the number of babies who are stillborn in the UK — … Read more

Vitamins from Food — Not Supplements — Linked with Longer Life

Credit: Shutterstock There's some good and bad news about vitamins and minerals: The good news is that intake of certain vitamins and minerals is linked with a lower risk of early death. The bad news is that this link is seen only when those nutrients come from food, not supplements, according to a new study. … Read more

What can we do to keep people from gaining more weight?

Hold the soda, hold the fat shaming Telling people what to eat and what not to eat often backfires, but ‘Don’t drink soda’ is a clearer message, Harvard expert says During a plane ride, Sara Bleich watched a flight attendant take an overweight passenger’s drink order. The passenger asked for cranberry juice. “Cranberry juice is … Read more

Researchers discover neural patterns key to understanding disorders such as PTSD

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have identified for the first time an imbalance in a key neural pathway that explains how some people reactivate negative emotional memories. The finding could help scientists unlock new ways to treat psychiatric disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder. The study, “Multiplexing of Theta … Read more

Famous cancer-fighting gene also protects against birth defects

Credit: Walter and Eliza Hall Institute New research has revealed how the famous tumour suppressor gene p53 is surprisingly critical for development of the neural tube in female embryos. This is important because healthy development of the neural tube is needed for the brain and the spinal cord to form properly. The study, published today … Read more

Empathy can help cooperative behavior ‘win out’ over selfishness: game theory study

Credit: CC0 Public Domain It’s a big part of what makes us human: we cooperate. But humans aren’t saints. Most of us are more likely to help someone we consider good than someone we consider a jerk. How we form these moral assessments of others has a lot to do with cultural and social norms, … Read more

Scientists visualize immune cells fighting blood cancer for the first time

When cancer escapes the immune system, our defenses are rendered powerless and are unable to fight against the disease. Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR T cells) represent a promising immunotherapy strategy, developed with the aim of tackling tumors head-on. But the occurrence of relapse in some patients remains a challenge. Scientists at the Institut … Read more

Study compares library preparation and sequencing platforms for single-cell RNA-sequencing

Researchers from University of Southern Denmark, Wellcome Sanger Institute and BGI, today published a study in the journal Genome Biology comparing the library preparation and sequencing platforms for single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). Single cell transcriptomics (i.e. scRNA-seq) is a next-generation sequencing approach that simultaneously measures the messenger RNA concentrations (encoded by DNA/genome/genetic blueprint) of thousands of … Read more

Testing how well wastewater disinfection methods affect antibiotic resistance genes

Each year at least 2 million Americans are infected with bacteria that cannot be treated with antibiotics, and at least 23,000 of these people die, according to the Centers for Disease Control. These bacteria can end up in our water, which is why we use disinfectants to kill or stop them from growing to treat … Read more

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